Spinal fractures are not always caused by trauma. For example, people with osteoporosis, tumors, or other underlying conditions that weaken bone can fracture a vertebra during normal, daily activities. Treatment of prolapsed lumbar and cervical discs with minimally invasive technique gives good result for spinal pain with radiation to the legs or arms.
Fixation of spinal fractures is done for fractures of vertebrae following fall and industrial accidents. A spinal cord injury is caused by damage to any part of the spine, including to the vertebrae, ligaments or disks, or the spinal cord itself. Spinal cord injuries can cause permanent loss of function below the level of the injury, including paralysis. A spinal fracture is a serious injury.
The most common fractures of the spine occur in the thoracic (midback) and lumbar spine (lower back) or at the connection of the two (thoracolumbar junction). These fractures are typically caused by high-velocity accidents, such as a car crash or fall from height.
Men experience fractures of the thoracic or lumbar spine four times more often than women. Seniors are also at risk for these fractures, due to weakened bone from osteoporosis.
- Car crash
- Fall from height
- Sports accident
- Violent act, such as a gunshot wound