Osteoporosis is a global disease affecting women and men. Osteoporosis is the cause of major fractures of the wrist, spine and hips. Special considerations are given to such patients. Osteoporosis prevention guidance and treatment are done at such specialized consultations.
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue. This leads to increased bone fragility and risk of fracture (broken bones), particularly of the hip, spine, wrist and shoulder. Osteoporosis is often known as "the silent thief" because bone loss occurs without symptoms.
Osteoporosis is sometimes confused with osteoarthritis, because the names are similar. Osteoporosis is a bone disease; osteoarthritis is a disease of the joints and surrounding tissue. Fractures from osteoporosis are more common than heart attack, stroke and breast cancer combined. At least one in three women and one in five men will suffer from an osteoporotic fracture during their lifetime.
The reduced quality of life for those with osteoporosis is enormous. Osteoporosis can result in disfigurement, lowered self-esteem, reduction or loss of mobility, and decreased independence.
What is arthritis?
When the cartilage of the joint wears out, the bones rub against each other causing significant pain and swelling - a condition known as arthritis. Without cartilage there is no shock absorber between the bones and hence severe pain occurs. In late stages severe deformity develops, movement decreases and stiffness develops.
What causes cartilage wear?
Obesity, Familial history, bad posture and habits like sitting cross legged, using Indian style toilets and squatting lastly lack of exercise.
What causes arthritis?
- Rheumatoid arthritis and its various forms.
- Posttraumatic secondary osteoarthritis.
- Deformities in knee.
- Treatment for arthritis requires multimodal treatment from exercises, medicines, education and joint replacements.